Dakota Foot & Ankle Clinic Blog
So much excitement surrounds this time of year when school age kids are starting the sports season. And though the excitement is high for both the children and parents alike, it is equally important as parents and coaches to ask ourselves how we can prevent sports injuries, not only during the conditioning phases of the season, but all the way through out. Though it’s impossible to protect our children from everything (as hard as we try), there are easy steps that can be taken to prevent sports injuries.
- Fill that water bottle! During this time of the year, it’s extremely important to make sure the kids are staying hydrated. Dehydration causes muscle fatigue and cramps that can further lead to injury.
- Get the right gear! Whether it be knee pads, helmets etc., it’s important to have appropriate fitting gear. From a Podiatry stand point, having a good athletic shoe that fits properly is just as important to prevent ingrown nails, heel pain, ankle sprains, etc.
- Stretch! Getting the body warmed up and stretched is imperative, and often underestimated, to prevent any sprains or strains of muscles and ligaments. Stretch for at least 5-10 minutes holding each stretch for 30 seconds.
- Don’t ignore pain! If your child/athlete is experiencing pain, don’t “walk it off” like the old adage recommends. Instead, take time off to allow your body to recover and prevent chronic injuries.
Though this doesn’t sound like much, these four simple steps can greatly reduce the number of injuries that occur each sports season. As parents, we are often our children’s biggest fans but it is much more fun to be their fan when the child is on the field/court/track/course rather than sitting on the sidelines due to an injury.
~Dr. Kayla Emter, DPM
All about equinus.
What is equinus?
Equinus is the inability to bend your ankle up toward the front of the leg. Someone with equinus lacks the flexibility to perform this motion. It can occur in one or both feet and most people are unaware that they have this condition. Someone is usually diagnosed after they go to the doctor for some other issue that is caused by equinus.
What causes equinus?
There are many causes of equinus. It may be caused by tightness in the calf muscle or the Achilles tendon. Some people have this tightness from birth and some inherit it. It could also be caused by being in a cast, being on crutches, or wearing high heel shoes frequently. It can also be from bone spurs restricting normal motion. This can force other joints (foot, knee, hip, or back) to compensate and become painful.
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How to care for your sweaty feet.
If you have excessively sweaty feet, good hygiene is a must! You want to take care of those feet to keep the odor and infections away. Here are a few steps to take:
- Wash your feet daily. Make sure to wash between the toes, but also dry them thoroughly.
- Apply foot powder, antifungal powder, or cornstarch to your feet.
- Wear socks that draw away the moisture instead of holding it is. There are blends out there that are designed to wick away moisture made of synthetic materials. Try to stay away from 100% cotton socks. These socks soak in moisture and could lead to blisters.
- Change your socks during the day.
- Wear shoes that allow your feet to breath. Shoes made of mesh materials would be best.
- Visit a podiatrist.
The symptoms and causes of sweaty feet.
Did you know there is a medical term for excessively sweaty feet? Hyperhidrosis is more often found in men than in women.
According to the International Hyperhidrosis Society, 3 percent of the population suffers from hyperhidrosis.
What causes it?
There is no known cause of excessive sweating, but it does seem to be inherited. Most people sweat when the temperature is warmer, but people with hyperhidrosis can sweat at any time, no matter the weather.
What are the symptoms?
The most common symptom is sweating. Some people sweat so much they soak through their socks and may slip inside their shoes.
Their feet may also appear almost white or look wet. They also might have foot infections. When your feet are constantly wet the skin breaks down and allows infections in.
There might be a foot odor.
Some people may be stressed or have anxiety. This is most common in teens.
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Shin Splints: What are they? How to treat them?
What are shin splints? In layman’s terms it’s the name athletes used to refer to pain along the shin bone. Medial tibial stress syndrome or medial tibial traction periostitis is an accurate medical description of what we like to call shin splints.
Medial tibial stress syndrome is the most common type of shin pain. It is an injury that generally occurs when one increases training too quickly or pushes themselves too hard too soon. Shin splints can also be brought on when the training environment changes. Switching to hard surfaces or running up hills can bring on shin splints. Too much running, sprinting, or jumping are obvious contributors and can increase pain in the shin as well.
Shin splints can be treated at home with a few basic applications. Rest when you can. Ice the shin area with cold therapy and a compression wrap. Do this for 10 minutes every hour. As symptoms improve decrease treatment to 3 or 4 times a day.
Other possible treatments include getting proper footwear. The right shoes can do a lot for your feet. Adding a heel lift or looking into custom orthotics can help prevent shin splints. It’s important to strengthen the area as well. Calf raises will help strengthen part of the area but we also need to strengthen the front in an effort to avoid muscle imbalance.
If symptoms don’t improve you may have a more serious issue. If you have an interest in proper footwear or custom orthotics Contact Us at Our Bismarck Office to schedule an appointment with Dr. Brian Gale, DPM, FACFAS
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