Dakota Foot & Ankle Clinic Blog

Posts for: March, 2016

Are you at risk for a diabetic foot ulcer?

What is a diabetic foot ulcer?
 
A diabetic foot ulcer is a wound or open sore that is most often located on the bottom of the foot.  Diabetic foot ulcers occur in 15% of patients with diabetes.  If not treated you could be hospitalized with infection or another complication.  Hospitalization happens in 6% of patients with a diabetic foot ulcer.
 
In the United States, diabetes is the leading cause of non-traumatic amputations of lower extremities.  In patients with diabetes, 14-24% of them with foot ulcers will require an amputation.  85% of diabetes related amputations are caused by foot ulceration.  
 
Foot ulcers are preventable!
 
Anyone with diabetes can develop a foot ulcer.  Your risk of a foot ulcer is greater if you:
- Are Native American, African American, Hispanic, or an older man.
-Using insulin.
-Have a diabetes related kidney, heart, or eye disease.
-Are overweight.
-Using alcohol or tobacco.
 
If you are at risk of developing a foot ulcer or you have one.  Contact Us atOur Bismarck Office today to schedule an appointment with Dr. Brian Gale, DPM, FACFAS.  Or go online to Appointment Request.
 
photcredit: mcvalosborne via pixabay.com

What is Metatarsalgia?

Metatarsalgia is a non-specific term for pain in the forefoot.  It is a very common over-use injury and is very common in athletes of high-impact sports.  These sports usually include a lot of running and jumping. 

The primary symptom of metatarsalgia is pain at the ball of the foot.  It usually becomes more painful when walking or running.  The pain usually comes on slowly over the course of a few months.

The causes include:
-injury during sports
-biomechanic alteration that has caused an abnormal weight distribution
-persistent stress

Some factors that contribute to metatarsalgia include:
-weak toe flexors
-hammertoes
-tight achilles tendon
-tight toe extensors
-improper fitting footwear
-high levels of activity
-excessive pronation
-hypermobile first bone
-prominent metatarsal heads

Treatment for metatarsalgia includes:
-icing
-not putting weight on the foot
-metatarsal pads
-custom orthotics
-supportive shoes

If you have any pain in your forefoot and want to schedule an appointment with Dr. Brian Gale, DPM, FACFAS,  Contact Us at 701-255-FOOT, or online to Appointment Request.

Photocredit: jackmac34 via pixabay.com